4 min read

What is a cyber security blue team?

Discover the exciting world of the cyber security blue team! Learn about their roles, skills and job prospects in this beginner-friendly guide.
Two cyber security blue team members looking at a computer screen of incident data
Photo by Desola Lanre-Ologun / Unsplash


Discover the dynamic world of the cyber security blue team and learn how they defend organizations against cyber threats.

Whether you're considering a career change or just starting your journey in cyber security, this guide will provide you with valuable insights to kickstart your cyber security blue team adventure!

What is the blue team's primary role in a company?

In cyber security the blue team are the defenders of an organisations network and data. The term blue team can be used to refer to the entire information security department, but is often used to describe the security operations team defend against against cyber threats, such as hackers, malware, and unauthorized access attempts by malicious threat actors and simulated red teams.

Blue teams work in close collaboration with their counterparts, the red team (ethical hackers), to identify vulnerabilities and improve the overall security posture of the organization.

Depending on the size of the organisation the blue team may be 100's (or 1000's!) of people, a single person or outsourced to a managed security service provider (MSSP).

However there is no strict definition - if you are helping defend an organisation against cyber attacks, then you are part of the blue team! 🙌

What are cyber security blue team roles?

The blue team roles can be varied but all share a a common theme in that they are often the first line of defence for an organisation. These role can be exciting because every day brings new challenges to overcome.

Security Operations Centre (SOC) Analyst: SOC analysts monitor and analyse security events in real-time. Working in a Security Operations Centre, you'll use advanced security monitoring tools to detect and respond to threats. You'll investigate alerts, assess their severity, and take appropriate actions. SOC analysts play a vital role in maintaining the organization's security posture.

Incident Responder: When a security incident occurs, the incident responder takes charge. Your role involves analysing, containing, and eradicating then recovering from security breaches promptly. You'll be responsible for conducting forensic investigations, documenting the incident response process, and implementing preventive measures to avoid future incidents.

Threat Intelligence Analyst: In this role, you'll keep a watchful eye on the ever-evolving threat landscape. Your main task is to gather, analyse, and interpret threat intelligence data to anticipate potential attacks. By staying ahead of cybercriminals, you'll provide valuable insights to strengthen the organization's defences.

Security Engineer: Security engineers are responsible for designing and implementing robust security solutions. You'll collaborate with other teams to build secure network architectures, deploy firewalls, manage access controls, and ensure the proper configuration of security systems. Your expertise will contribute to the overall resilience of the organization's infrastructure.

Vulnerability Management Analyst: As a vulnerability management analyst, your primary focus is to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities within the organization's systems and infrastructure. You'll utilize various vulnerability scanning tools and techniques to assess the security posture of networks, servers, applications, and other critical assets. You will also work closly with It teams to deploy patches and solve vulnerabilities.

Cyber security blue team skills

Essential Skills for Blue Team Professionals are a mix of technical knowledge, understanding of threat actors tools, techniques and procedures, interpersonal skills and good problem solving and deduction skills.

Technical Proficiency: To excel in the blue team, you must possess a solid understanding of computer systems, networks and security technologies. It can often be difficult to determine if an alert is a false alarm and the quicker you can determine this the more effective you will be.

Proficiency in tools like SIEM systems, EDR platforms, intrusion detection systems (IDS), firewalls, and vulnerability scanners is crucial for effective defence.

Incident Handling and Response: Being able to swiftly respond to security incidents is essential. Familiarize yourself with incident response frameworks, such as the NIST Cybersecurity Incident Handling Guide, and learn to follow predefined procedures to minimize the impact of security breaches.

Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills: As a blue team member, you'll encounter complex security challenges. Strong analytical and problem-solving skills will enable you to investigate incidents, identify root causes, and implement effective countermeasures.

Interpersonal and teamworking skills:  Major cyber security incidents are often too large for a single person to mange, and the whole blue team will be involved. They can often be stressful and involve long hours, high levels of teamwork and emotional intelligence will help everyone perform at their best!

Cyber Security blue team training

Many paths in life can give you the skills required be part of the blue team. Some blue team professionals are completely self taught and the wide range of free information might be all you need. However good quality courses, certifications or formal educartion can help accelerate your career!

Formal Education: Pursuing a degree or diploma in cyber security or a related field provides a comprehensive foundation. Many universities and institutions offer specialized programs that cover areas such as network security, digital forensics, and incident response.

Cyber Security Courses and Certifications: Obtaining industry-recognized certifications can significantly boost your blue team career. Certifications like CompTIA Security+,  CompTIA CySA+, SANS GIAC Security Operations Certified (GSOC) can all validate your skills and enhance your job prospects.

What is a cyber security blue team salary?

When considering a career in the cyber security blue team, it's natural to wonder about the potential salary prospects. While salaries can vary based on factors such as experience, location, industry, and organization size, we can provide a general overview of the earning potential for blue team professionals.

Entry-Level Positions: As a beginner in the field, you may start with entry-level positions such as a Security Analyst or Junior Incident Responder. These roles typically offer competitive starting salaries, ranging from $50,000 to $70,000 per year, depending on the location and organization.

Mid-Level Positions: As you gain experience and expertise, progressing to mid-level positions like Senior Security Analyst or Lead Incident Responder, you can expect a significant increase in your earning potential. Salaries in these roles often range from $70,000 to $150,000 per year.

Senior-Level Positions: Senior blue team professionals who have demonstrated their skills and leadership abilities can command higher salaries. In roles such as Security Manager, Incident Response Team Lead, or SOC Manager, salaries can range from $150,000 to $250,000 or more, depending on the organization and geographic location.


Congratulations! You've taken your first step into the captivating world of the cyber security blue team.

We've explored the roles, essential skills, training options, and career outlook for aspiring blue team professionals. Embrace the challenges, hone your skills, and embark on an exciting journey defending organizations against the ever-evolving cyber threats.

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